The mention of the name mosquito triggers another name, malaria. The disease is widely known to be transmitted by mosquitoes. Malaria is spread particularly by the female anopheles mosquito. This type of mosquito is found in some parts of the world majorly in Africa and parts of Asia. For those travelling to areas that are prone to malaria, there are antimalarial medications that help prevent the infection. Malaria in itself is treatable but can be fatal if not checked in time.
Yellow fever, one of the common diseases that spread with mosquitoes is transmitted by aedes and haemogogus mosquitoes that are infected. The disease is manageable but has no known cure like malaria. There is however a vaccine that protects one from infection for ten years once given the injection. The best way though is prevention which starts with pest control. Yellow fever is more prevalent in Africa and parts of South America.
Mosquitoes mainly bite at night or in dark places but dengue fever is a disease spread by mosquitoes that bite during the day. Infected people may have no symptoms but in some cases, some people have severe or even fatal conditions like dengue hemorrhagic fever. For this particular disease, there is no known cure or vaccine. The only option is pest control. Aedes mosquitoes are responsible for the transmission of this disease and are mainly found in tropical and subtropical areas.
Rift valley fever is another disease that is spread by mosquitoes. The fever is normally acute and severe and is caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes. The disease affects animals as well as humans and is mainly in African countries where there are domestic animals majorly sheep and cattle. The disease also has no known cure but can be managed well to ensure a full recovery.
Arboviral encephalitides is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes and causes inflammation of the brain. The disease is very rare and is found in parts of Australia. Immediate medical attention is needed as the disease can be fatal.
Pest control still remains the best way to deal with the common diseases that spread with mosquitoes and other pests. Prevention is far much better than cure, especially where the cure is nonexistent.